DEAFSA, formerly known as the South
African National Council for the Deaf, was founded in 1929 and is the
coordinating, umbrella organization, which facilitates services to the
South African Deaf and hard of hearing communities. DEAFSA currently has
67 affiliates throughout South Africa.
DEAFSA's constitution and activities are aimed at all
people who are affected by hearing loss.
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A. Hearing loss:
Hearing loss is generally the impairment of the sense
of hearing to the extent that it interferes with communication and affects
the social, emotional, educational and vocational aspects of an individual's
1. Hard of hearing:
This term refers to a person with a minimum to moderate hearing loss
whose primary mode of communication is the spoken language and who could
in most circumstances benefit from the use of a hearing aid.
Deaf people can be divided into two sub-groups depending on the time
the hearing loss set in:
2.a. Pre-lingual/congenital Deafness
This refers to a person who was born deaf or became Deaf before the
acquisition of the language of the immediate family. Such a person has
a moderate-severe to profound hearing loss, belongs to the Deaf culture
and uses Sign Language as the prime mode of communication.
This refers to a person who acquired moderately severe to profound hearing
loss after the acquisition of a spoken language and who is dependent
on the visual sense for additional information for the purposes of spoken